What Is It?
Chondromalaica Patellae is a condition in which individuals experience pain in the front of the knee due to physical changes of the patellofemoral joint. The cartilage along the underside of the patella softens, which can cause pain, swelling, and biomechanical changes in the joint. This cartilage allows for smooth movement of the patella over the top of the knee joint (femur and tibia bones). When changes to these structures occur, the patella may not track as well which can lead to these symptoms. It is important when rehabilitating chondromalacia patellae to strengthen muscle groups like the quadriceps, hamstrings, and glutes to ensure optimal patellar tracking.
Many people complain that they experience:
- Pain in the front of the knee, along the sides or underneath the knee cap
- Increased feeling of friction or grating sound in the knee cap, known as crepitus
- Pain with activities such as squatting, kneeling, running, or stair climbing
- Mild swelling in the front side of the knee